Mullah Omar: Is Taliban’s Mysterious One-Eyed Supremo Dead?

The current Kabul government is investigating reports of his death, a presidential spokesman said Wednesday, amid frenzied speculation about the rumored demise of the reclusive warrior-cleric.

Zafar Hashemi, a deputy spokesman for Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, made the announcement at a hastily called news conference Wednesday in the Afghan capital, Kabul.

“We are aware of the reports of the passing away of Mullah Omar, the Taliban leader,” Hashemi said. “We are still in the process of checking those reports, and as soon as we get confirmation or verification, we will inform the Afghan people and the media.”

A Pakistani security official, speaking on condition of anonymity as he wasn’t authorized to brief journalists, called the circling rumors “speculation” designed to disrupt peace talks.

Updated | KABUL (Reuters) Taliban Leader Mullah Omar Confirmed Dead by Afghan Intelligence Agency – A spokesman for Afghanistan’s intelligence agency said on Wednesday that Taliban supreme leader Mullah Mohammad Omar died two years ago in a Pakistani hospital.

The statement by National Directorate of Security spokesman Hasib Sediqi came after the Afghan government said it was investigating reports of Omar’s death, just days ahead of an expected second round of peace talks with the Taliban.

The NDS has previously said privately that its intelligence indicated Omar was dead, but it has not provided proof.

Taliban chief Mullah Omar has cast a long shadow over Afghanistan ever since he led a young band of zealots to power almost two decades ago, imposing brutal Islamist rule over the country.

The one-eyed leader outraged the international community with his fundamentalist regime’s treatment of women, its enforcement of Sharia law and strict bans on most sport, television and music.

He incurred the wrath of the United States by giving shelter to Al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden, prompting a U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks in 2001.

After his government was toppled in Kabul late that year, Omar headed a raging anti-government insurgency from the shadows.

taliban logo Capture

Even though he has not been seen in public since 2001, Omar has remained a unifying figure for Taliban forces attempting to seize power even as the Islamic State group has begun to encroach on their traditional domain.

For one of the world’s most wanted men, relatively little is known about Omar. He was hardly ever photographed and said in rare interviews that he had never flown on a plane and had left Afghanistan just once, to visit Pakistan.

His U.S. State Department website wanted profile, which offers a $10 million bounty, has two indistinct pictures and almost no details except that he is tall and male with a black beard and a shrapnel wound to the right eye.

W460

But a long official biography published online in April — apparently to counter the creeping influence of the Islamic State group which has reportedly welcomed Taliban defectors — described him as “charismatic” and closely involved with the outfit’s military operations.

It also listed his favorite weapon as the RPG-7 and praised his even temper and “special” sense of humor.

An ethnic Pashtun from a humble background, Omar was born in 1960 in the village of Chah-i-Himmat in Kandahar province, according to the Taliban biography, and educated on a diet of Koranic verses at religious schools.

He lost his right eye while fighting with the Afghan mujahideen against the occupying Soviet Army in the 1980s. Taliban legend has it that he cut out the wounded eye himself, while more prosaic accounts say he was treated at a hospital in Pakistan.

After the Soviets pulled out in 1989 he returned to his native area as a prayer leader and teacher.

There, he began to attract a band of religious students — “Taliban” means students in Pashto — and former mujahideen to fight the warlords holding sway over much of Afghanistan.

Omar’s authority was both military and religious, and he enhanced both in April 1996 when he appeared on the balcony of a shrine in Kandahar wrapped in a cloak said to belong to the Prophet Mohammed.

In September 1996, backed by Pakistani intelligence, the Taliban captured Kabul from the Northern Alliance and brutally executed former president Najibullah.

Omar’s relationship with the man who would eventually lead to the regime’s downfall began soon after Bin Laden arrived in Afghanistan in late 1996, following the Saudi’s expulsion from Sudan.

The Al-Qaida supremo reportedly curried favor with the Taliban leader. According to Yossef Bodansky, author of a book on the Al-Qaida founder, they cemented their ties in 1998 when Omar married bin Laden’s oldest daughter.

But as Omar’s profile grew in the Muslim world, so did the opprobrium heaped on him by the West. The Taliban were recognized as the legal government only by Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

Taller Buddha in 1963 (L) and in 2008 (R) after destruction

Omar and the Taliban provoked international outrage in March 2001 by blowing up the giant Buddha statues of Bamiyan.

By the end of the year the Taliban regime, too, lay in ruins following the onslaught by U.S.-led and Northern Alliance forces after 9/11.

While Omar is hailed by supporters for his military prowess, he is said to have endorsed as “legitimate” peace talks that began this month aimed at ending the 13-year insurgency — the last public statement attributed to him.

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