The UK’s role in fighting Islamic State extremists is “strikingly modest” and should be stepped up, MPs have said.
The Defence Select Committee found the UK had carried out 6% of coalition air strikes against the jihadist group and said it was “surprised and deeply concerned” it was not doing more.
But it stressed it was not in favour of deploying combat forces to battle IS.
The government said military action was just part of “comprehensive” action by the international coalition.
In their committee report, the MPs said the “nightmare” of a jihadist state in parts of Iraq and Syria had been realised “in an extreme form”.
‘No clear strategy’
IS has taken control of a large number of areas and been behind acts of brutality, including the beheadings of British hostages.
The report said IS was the “most significant threat” to international security to have emerged from the Middle East “in decades”.
The MPs said the UK “can and should be playing a greater role” in fighting it, adding that “officials, ministers, and officers have failed to set out a clear military strategy”.
RAF jets began carrying out combat missions over Iraq in September, after MPs had backed action against IS in that country.
However, Parliament was not asked to vote on military missions against IS in Syria.
The UK’s military commitment includes eight Tornado jets, a Reaper drone, transport aircraft and HMS Dauntless, an air defence destroyer.
On a visit to Iraq in December, members of the committee discovered there were only three UK military personnel outside the Kurdish regions of the country, compared with 400 Australians, 280 Italians and 300 Spanish.
They also found there were no UK personnel on the ground with “deep expertise in the tribes, or politics of Iraq”.
Their report urged the UK to carry out a “serious independent assessment of the situation on the ground” and provide more air support when Iraqi security forces and the Kurdish Peshmerga fighters “are ready for major offensives”.
Committee chairman Rory Stewart said IS had contributed to “the displacement of millions, destabilising and threatening neighbouring states, and providing safe haven to an estimated 20,000 foreign fighters, many dedicated to an international terrorist campaign”.
“Yet, the role that the UK is playing in combating it, is strikingly modest,” he added.
The committee said diplomatic involvement with Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Iran should be “significantly increased”, adding there was “considerable scope for special forces operations”, within legal constraints.
There was “a significant gap between the rhetoric of Britain and its partners, and the reality of the campaign on the ground”, it added.
A government spokesman said ministers had been “absolutely clear” on the objectives for Iraq and had set these out in the Commons “on a number of occasions”.
“We have carried out the second highest number of air strikes among coalition partners, gifted weapons and trained Iraqi security forces, including the Peshmerga forces, in how to use them, are gifting a further 1,000 counter-IED detectors and are delivering various strategic and skills training programme,” he said.
The “comprehensive approach” being taken by the international coalition against IS also included tackling its sources of money and foreign fighters, he added.